Flex Fuel Vehicles Will Be Mandatory In India Soon

Flex Fuel Vehicle – On Friday, Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways-Nitin Gadkari said he would issue an order in the next three to four months, making it mandatory for all auto manufacturers to run their vehicles with flex fuel engines, which run on more than one fuel. The statement comes almost a month after Gadkari had announced that the central government would soon make it necessary for auto manufacturers to propose vehicles that run 100 percent on biofuel.

Nitin Gadkari has been advocating for alternative energy sources and biofuels to reduce the environmental impact left by the Indian auto industry. The Minister said that alternative fuels reduce pollution, save foreign exchange, and are also economical. Pointing out that a liter of bioethanol costs ₹65 as opposed to ₹110 spent on petrol. We have decided to make it mandatory, which will lead to flex-engine. As well as, he also said that the state-run oil marketing companies have already been ordered to offer bio-fuels at facilities selling petrol and diesel.



What are Flex Fuel Vehicle Engines?

Flex engine power is colloquially known as flexible-fuel vehicles or flex-fuel vehicles (FFVs). These are vehicles running on alternative fuels, equipped with an internal combustion engine designed to run on more than one fuel. These FFVs typically run on gasoline mixed with ethanol or methanol fuel; However, both the energies are stored in a standard tank. The resulting mixture is then burned in the combustion chamber, generating power for the vehicle.



The Ford Model T‘s engine was capable of running on ethanolgasolinekerosene, or a mixture of the first two.

Flex-fuel vehicles differ from bi-fuel vehicles, which use two fuels stored in separate tanks – and as such, can prove costly compared to its alternatives. Ethanol flexible-fuel vehicles are the most common form of flex engine commercially available in the global market. Most of these FFVs in Western countries run on E85, a mixture of 85 percent anhydrous ethanol and 15 percent gasoline.



Why Are Flex Fuel Vehicles Are Important For India?

According to Union Minister Nitin Gadkari, customers will choose between conventional petrol-powered engines and ethanol-powered engines. He said the country must switch to alternatives due to the surplus production of rice, maize, maize, and sugar, from which bioethanol is made. In many of these crops, the Minimum Support Price (MSP) offered to farmers is higher than the retail price or international prices, making it necessary to turn the harvest for the overall betterment of the country.

Earlier this month, Gadkari had also said that the central government and the ‘Electric Highway,’ built between the national capital Delhi and Jaipur in Rajasthan, is under consideration.

With the world moving from conventional fuels to alternative energy sources to power transport, these options are currently among the most popular choices for powering propulsion motors in vehicles. If the proposed electric highway comes through, it will see electric cars on the section – the first of which will be between Delhi and Jaipur; And later, if all goes well, one more electric highway may appear in the Delhi-Mumbai section.



Center Issued Draft Notification

The flex fuel engine, which will offer a CNG-like alternative for petrol car owners, brings up ethanol-based fuel in India. The Center has recently issued a draft notification as per Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement to extend the time limit of 20% ethanol blending from 2030 to 2025.

The price of a liter of ethanol in India is Rs 62.65, while it is around Rs 100 for a liter of petrol and upwards of Rs 90 for a liter of diesel. This means that ethanol or ethanol-mixed petrol will significantly reduce the fuel cost of the customers as compared to pure fossil fuel vehicles.



Ethanol Can Help Stop The Spread of Pollution

Earlier, on several occasions, Nitin Gadkari talked about how ethanol can help the economy when fuel prices have hit record highs. In addition to the cost factor, ethanol can cause less pollution than traditional fuels, which allows the government reduces carbon emissions in the long run.

Flex fuel vehicle engines are not uncommon, especially in Brazil, Canada, and the United States, widely used. With the intro of the flex fuel engine, vehicle owners will choose to drive their cars exclusively on petrol or ethanol.

The central government plans to make it mandatory for car manufacturers in India to produce vehicles with flex-fuel engines.



Important Notes

  • The decision was taken after extending the cut-off date for blending 20% of ethanol in petrol from 2030 to 2025.
  • The government will soon decide on asking the auto industry to provide customers with an option to choose more cost-effective fuels to power their cars and two-wheelers.
  • Flex-fuel engines are already in trend in Brazil, Canada, and the US. Many vehicle owners use ethanol as fuel for their cars in these countries.

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